ANALYSIS BY LEGISLATIVE COUNCIL
In 1910, the United States Congress passed the Arizona-New Mexico Enabling Act, allowing Arizona to become a state and granting Arizona approximately 10.9 million acres of land, referred to as “state trust land”. The state land trust produces revenue for various public institutions in this state (schools, colleges, prisons, etc.). Proposition 118 would amend the Arizona Constitution to provide that for fiscal years 2012-2013 through 2020-2021, the annual distribution from the state trust land permanent funds to the various public institutions would be 2.5% of the average market values of the fund for the immediately preceding five calendar years. After fiscal year 2020-2021, the distribution formula would return to the current formula set out in the Arizona Constitution: average total rate of return for the previous five fiscal years, less percentage change in inflation, multiplied by the average market value over the previous five years.
ARGUMENTS “FOR” PROPOSITION 118
Prop 118 allows us to simplify the formula for education funding, ensuring that money will be distributed to support K-12 education each year from Arizona’s Permanent Land Endowment Trust Fund. Best of all, it accomplishes this with NO new taxes and NO additional general fund spending. Right now there are about 8.1 million acres in the state’s trust fund for K-12 education. Every time the state sells a piece of state land, those proceeds are deposited into the State Treasurer’s Office to be managed into perpetuity. Today the market value of the Permanent Land Endowment Trust Fund is more than $3.4 billion. If that were a college endowment, it would be the twenty-first largest endowment in the country. Upon review of an asset allocation study for the fund, it became clear that the formula used to distribute earnings was critically flawed. Its complications have resulted in uneven and unpredictable outcomes – including a year when ZERO dollars were distributed for K-12 education. If left unchanged, this current formula would likely result in several additional years – – over the next decade – – of zero dollar distributions. This is unacceptable, and must be fixed. An endowment this large should never have years of zero dollars available to benefit Arizona’s children and teachers. Prop 118 fixes the formula and ensures consistent, reliable distributions that will protect the principal and never result in a zero dollar distribution. Prop 118 achieves this with no new taxes and no additional obligations for new spending. As members of Arizona’s Board of Investment we support this improved formula and encourage you to vote “YES” on Prop 118.
Doug Ducey, Chairman, Arizona Board of Investment, Arizona State Treasurer, Phoenix
Beth Ford, Member, Arizona Board of Investment, Pima County Treasurer, Tucson
Scott A. Smith, Member, Arizona Board of Investment, Director, Arizona Department of Administration, Phoenix
Lauren W. Kingry, Member, Arizona Board of Investment, Arizona Superintendent of Financial Institutions, Phoenix
Harry A. Papp, Member, Arizona Board of Investment, Managing Partner, L. Roy Papp & Associates, LLP, Phoenix
I strongly support Prop 118. There is a special relationship between Arizona’s education community, the State Treasurer’s Office, and the State Land Department. Public education is by far the largest beneficiary of State Trust Land managed by the State Land Department. Revenues derived from the sale of State Trust Land, as well as the sale of natural products (such as sand, gravel, water and fuel wood), and royalties from mineral materials are deposited in the Permanent Land Endowment Trust Fund managed by the State Treasurer’s Office. Today, the State Land Department manages 8.1 million acres of land on behalf of K-12 education, and the Permanent Land Endowment Trust fund is worth more than $3.5 billion. Earning money for Arizona’s public schools is the primary mission of the Trust’s management. In 2010 the State Land Department deposited $91.7 million in the Endowment. Because of the inadequacy of the current formula used to distribute earnings from the Endowment, K-12 education received no money in 2010. Prop 118 fixes that inadequate formula. Had the new formula been in place in 2010, public education would have received $48 million from the Permanent Land Endowment Trust Fund. Vote “Yes” on Prop 118.
Maria Baier, Arizona State Land Commissioner, Phoenix
Prop 118 Provides Reliable Education Funding in Arizona
The Friends of the Arizona School Boards Association urges your support of Prop. 118. It’s a win-win proposal – providing Arizona’s classrooms with more reliable funding and doing so through a formula change that still protects the underlying value of the account which has been derived from state trust land sales – the State Land Trust Permanent Endowment fund. There are over nine million acres of state trust land, with Arizona’s public schools being the largest beneficiary, holding 87% of these lands. The interest earned off the sale of trust lands is deposited in the State Land Trust Permanent Endowment fund. Arizona’s classrooms are direct recipients of the interest earned from this Endowment fund. Over a decade ago, an interest distribution formula was put in place to help curb volatility and to protect our public schools asset from inflation. Unfortunately, the formula has not smoothed out distribution volatility, making it difficult for our public schools to budget. Prop. 118 fixes this by establishing a new flat distribution percentage to allow for consistent distributions while still protecting the fund from inflationary effects. Please vote YES ON 118 to enhance education funding to Arizona’s public schools.
Dee Navarro, President, Friends of the Arizona School Boards Association, Phoenix
Dr. Tim Ogle, Executive Director, Friends of the Arizona School Boards Association, Phoenix
Dear Voter, I encourage your “YES” vote on Proposition 118. This measure is a positive change for the distribution formula of state trust funds for education. There is currently $3.2 billion set aside in the Trust Fund to benefit education. In some years, the distribution has been as high as $80 million, and in other years there has been no funding at all. This type of swing in distribution based on the size of the fund and the current formula makes it more difficult for our schools to plan and spend accordingly. As taxpayers, we demand that schools budget efficiently and use their resources wisely to educate our children. This proposal will make that easier by ensuring that the annual Trust Fund allocation to Arizona schools is smooth, even and predictable. A “Yes” vote on Proposition 118 is a win for our children and teachers. A “Yes” vote on Proposition 118 is a win for taxpayers and advocates of good government.
Jan Brewer, Governor, Phoenix
Arizona Chamber of Commerce and Industry supports Proposition 118 The Arizona Chamber has a longstanding position of developing a school financing system and educational structure that improves learning outcomes in a financially responsible manner. Proposition 118 is a simple yet important change that will significantly impact K-12 funding in a way that is financially responsible and consistent with the Chamber’s education goals. This measure will result in more reliable and consistent K-12 education funding with no new taxes and no new spending from the General Fund. Proposition 118 will restructure the distribution formula for the Permanent Land Endowment Fund, whose largest beneficiary is K-12 education. Because of the complexity of the current funding formula, the distribution of dollars is uneven and unpredictable. In fact, there are some years when there are zero dollars distributed to K-12 from this fund. The Chamber supports Proposition 118 because of its fiscally responsible and stable approach to helping fund K-12 education. We urge voters to support Proposition 118.
Glenn Hamer, President & CEO, Arizona Chamber of Commerce & Industry, Phoenix
Doug Yonko, Chairman, Arizona Chamber of Commerce & Industry, Phoenix
Vote YES on Prop 118 to help support Arizona public education, teachers and children. Prop 118 fixes and improves the Arizona State Endowment distribution formula providing a safer and more reliable source of funding for education and other beneficiaries. Prop 118 protects the principle of the Trust from inflation, stabilizes distributions to beneficiaries including public education. Prop 118 will protect the trust and its beneficiaries from wild market fluctuations and guarantees there will not be another year resulting in zero dollars going to education over the next decade. The current formula was approved over a decade ago when the Endowment was given the ability to invest in stocks. Although written with the best of intentions the old formula was never tested for the economic volatility of the past several years. Simply stated, the formula did not work properly and education funding suffered. After the urging of current and former State Treasurers, The Arizona State Board of Investment commissioned an independent Asset Allocation Study (available online at www.aztreasury.gov ) to suggest positive change to Arizona’s Constitution. The result is Prop 118. Arizona can be proud that our State Land Endowment has been protected while many other western states have squandered theirs. Prop 118 continues in this tradition by further protecting the Trust and providing needed stability for education funding. The Arizona State Endowment is a permanent endowment and deserves a solution that will provide permanent, long term stability for Arizona’s future. As current and former members of the Arizona Board of Investment, we support Prop 118 and encourage all Arizona citizens to do the same. This change of the formula is good financial management. Vote YES on Prop 118.
Hon. Dean Martin, Former Arizona State Treasurer, Chairman, Arizona Board of Investment, Phoenix
Hon. Carol Springer, Former Arizona State Treasurer, Chairman, Arizona Board of Investment, Prescott
Hon. Tony West, Former Arizona State Treasurer, Chairman, Arizona Board of Investment, Phoenix
As Arizona’s Superintendent of Public Instruction, I support Prop. 118 because it will bring predictability to the distribution of revenue from Arizona’s state land trust fund. The land trust fund provides vital revenue for Arizona’s public schools, and the current complex formula means that we have no way of predicting how much money will be available in future years. A predictable distribution from the trust fund will enable the state to budget its general fund dollars more responsibly, because it is less likely that we will over- or underestimate the distribution from the trust, and appropriate too many or too few state dollars. Under the current system, we feast when times are good, and starve when times are bad. The method proposed by Prop. 118 will allow the trust to grow substantially when times are good, leaving plenty of savings to help fund our school system through difficult economic times in the future. Please join me in voting “yes” for proposition 118, to put state land trust revenues to work for our most valuable resource, Arizona’s children. Sincerely,
John Huppenthal, Superintendent of Public Instruction, Phoenix
Arizona’s education community supports Prop 118. It is a good fix that helps better fund public schools. It is not the silver bullet that will solve all the problems in our state as it relates to education, but more reliable funding from the State Land Trust Fund is a step in the right direction. In 2000, Arizona voters created the Classroom Site Fund. This fund was established to direct money to teachers’ salaries, classroom size reduction and dropout prevention programs. The Classroom Site Fund is supported by the revenue generated from the State Land Trust Fund and the State Land Department. The first $72.3 million is used in the general funding formula. Any money in excess of $72.3 million each year is deposited into the Classroom Site Fund. In 2010 and 2011, no money was deposited into the Classroom Site Fund. Had the new distribution formula being proposed in Prop 118 been in place, the fund would have received $38 million over the course of those two years. AEA has worked closely with the State Treasurer’s Office and the State Land Department to make sure this proposition is in the best interest of Arizona’s teachers and students. Prop 118 guarantees money will be available each and every year. If it passes in November, Arizona public schools will receive more than $62 million. If Prop 118 is defeated and the current distribution formula stays in place, education will receive approximately $50 million. With the cuts that public education has endured, those additional funds can go a long way. Arizona schools need this simplified formula. Vote “YES” on Prop 118 .
Joseph H. Thomas, Vice President, Arizona Education Association, Phoenix
Nidia C. Lias, Treasurer, Arizona Education Association, Phoenix
Dear Arizona Taxpayer, Prop 118 is a fair and practical way to smooth out earnings distributions from Arizona’s $3.4 billion Land Endowment. By avoiding the usual boom-and-bust distribution cycle, Prop 118 will help the beneficiaries of the State Land Trust Fund (mainly public education) to achieve a more predictable income stream year after year. At the same time, smoother budgeting over the business cycle will help beneficiaries during boom years to avoid developing unreasonable expectations about future spending growth. This is a common sense solution to a problematic funding formula. Prop 118 is a rare event in Arizona politics: it’s a win-win for all of the stakeholders, whether those stakeholders are government employees providing education services, or taxpayers working hard to support their families and build our economy. PLEASE VOTE YES ON PROP 118. For more ideas about state and local tax and budget policy, and to help us enhance freedom and protect free enterprise, contact the Arizona chapter of Americans for Prosperity, at www.aztaxpayers.org, (602) 478-0146, or firstname.lastname@example.org.
Tom Jenney, Phoenix